Writings, talks and video

  • Why Movements Matter
    Vivien Labaton and me, pre-Occupy Wall Street, on why political setbacks of recent years make investment in social movements even more urgent.
  • Reclaiming the Moral Life of Philanthropy | MIT World
    Video of my lecture at MIT last fall arguing for a restoration of moral language in philanthropy and in other spheres, like government.
  • PhilanTopic: A 'Flip' Chat With...Gara LaMarche, Senior Fellow, NYU Wagner School of Public Service
    Foundation Center interview with me on the state of human rights ten years after 9/11/01
  • FORA.tv - Building Open Societies: Soros in Conversation
    Conversation I conducted with George Soros and Aryeh Neier in May 2011 on the occasion of the publication of Chuck Sudetic's book about George's philanthropy. I had fun, and George and Aryeh were as relaxed and expansive as they get.
  • FORA.tv - A Conversation with Jeff Raikes and Gara LaMarche
    A conversation at Philanthropy New York in May 2011 between me and the President of the Gates Foundation, Jeff Raikes. He's great, it turns out my mike was off so you can barely hear what I am saying, but fast forward to whenever Jeff is on the screen!
  • How Vast the Left-Wing Conspiracy
    Transcript of a November 30 panel at the Hudson Institute with me, Rob Stein of the Democracy Alliance and Byron York of the National Review.
  • The crisis of democracy in America Gara LaMarche - openDemocracy
    Article I published in mid-2005 in Open Democracy, a British-based global web journal, about endangered institutions in the U.S. -- the media, the academy, the courts.
  • Putting the "Human" Back in Human Rights
    Talk I gave earlier in July to the International Human Rights Funders Group, opening with a somewhat shaggy story about the time I presented at my then-kindergarten-aged daughter's class "Career Day."
  • Georgetown Forum on Philanthropy
    Panel I was on with Emmett Carson, Chair of the Council on Foundations, Cecilia Munoz of National Council of La Raza, William Schambra of the Bradley Center on Philanthropy, and Pablo Eisenberg, former director of the Center for Community Change and longtime progressive critic of philanthropy. I agreed more with Bill than Pablo, which makes me worry...
  • Immigrant Communities in the Crossfire
    Talk I gave to San Francisco Bay Area funders. Read it to find out which U.S. President lamented that a weakness of the American character is that there are so few "growlers and kickers" among us.
  • Kennedy Library Forum: Human Rights: Then and Now
    Transcript of a forum a few years ago at the Kennedy Library, where I was on a panel to mark the publication of my friend Jeri Laber's memoir about her work in the human rights movement. Moderated by John Shattuck, an old ACLU colleague who served in various posts in the Clinton State Department and now heads the JFK Library and Foundation. Like most transcripts, my comments read much less coherently than I thought I sounded at the time.
  • Gara LaMarche
    Profile of me from UC-Irvine's Social Science Journal, from an interview I did a year ago when I gave a lecture there. Makes me sound much more noble than I actually am.
  • American Prospect piece on human rights in the United States
    You should check out the special issue of The American Prospect about the growing movement -- ever more urgents in the wake of Abu Ghraib -- to make the United States adhere to international human rights standards. I have a short article surveying a bunch of reports -- all available on the web, with links provided -- that are pioneering in looking at U.S. rights problems through that lens. The rest of the issue is great, too, with pieces by Anthony Lewis, Cass Sunstein, former U.N. High Commissioner and Irish President Mary Robinson, and many others.
  • School of Social Sciences Distinguished Speaker Series
    Apparently there is a video here of the democracy speech I gave at UC-Irvine in January. I'm afraid to look.
  • When Foundations Should Lead -- and When They Should Get Out of the Way
    Speech I gave to the Donor Forum of Wisconsin, containing some thoughts I have been developing about the responsibility of "elites" to speak out, and more familiar -- in the "trade" -- stuff about why foundations should engage in public policy and do more general, multi-year funding of organizations.
  • The Council on Foundations - Remarks Accepting Ylvisaker Award
    Why I was not too popular with the Texas host committee at the Council on Foundations annual meeting in Dallas last year.
  • Speech and Equality: Do We Really Have to Choose?
    1996 NYU Press collection of essays, edited by me, on perceived tensions between free speech and equality: abortion clinic protests, "hate speech," sexual harassment laws. I thought I had bought up all the unsold copies of this extremely low-selling book, but I see they list it on their website. If not available there, I'll sell you one for $11.99 or best offer...
  • The virtues and vices of philanthropy
    Article in a conservative philanthropy journal about what foundations do well and poorly.
  • Compassionate Aversionism
    2001 Nation review of two books connected with the Manhattan Institute, a New York-based conservative think tank. Still seems highly relevant, more than three years into Bush II.
  • Suppose We Had a Real Democracy in the United States? A Time for Imagination
    Speech I gave at the University of California at Irvine, January 28, 2004.

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August 27, 2010

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BeskBliniaBen


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Adamlambertson

Kierowanie wypada do nauk ekonomicznych. Od czasu poczatku XX wieku, od momentu kierowanie próbowano wesprzec na naukowych podstawach, az az do lat 60. XX wieku kierowanie pojmowane bylo jako przedsiewziecie kierownicze, obejmujace nastepujace sekwencje postepowania: Planowanie, Organizowanie, Decydowanie, Motywowanie i Kontrolowanie, nazywane klasycznymi funkcjami zarzadzania. Klasyczne funkcje zarzadzania wyróznil najwazniejszy "klasyk" zarzadzania Henri Fayol. Atoli poglad na swiat zarzadzania zmienil sie od chwili tego czasu radykalnie, stad powinno sie powrócic az do starszej, w wyzszym stopniu ogólnej definicji: zarzadzanie to umiejetnosc wzglednie praktyka rozumnego stosowania srodków dla osiagniecia wyznaczonych celów.
(Zob. tez: Kierowanie, Koordynowanie)
Inne definicje zarzadzania:
Zarzadzanie jest sztuka osiagania zamierzonych rezultatów przy uzyciu innych ludzi, zarzadzajacy (menedzerowie) osiagaja cele organizacji przez organizowanie pracy innych, oraz nie za sprawa wykonywanie zadan osobiscie.
Zarzadzanie owo dzialanie kierownicza polegajaca na ustalaniu celów a powodowaniu ich realizacji w organizacjach podleglych zarzadzajacemu, na podstawie wlasnosci srodków produkcji albo dyspozycji nimi (wg Gilinskiego).
Zarzadzanie to impreza polegajace na dysponowaniu zasobami (wg prof. T. Pszczolowskiego).
Zarzadzanie to zestaw dzialan (planowanie, organizowanie, argumentacja, kontrola) skierowanych na zasoby organizacji (ludzkie, finansowe, rzeczowe, informacyjne) wykorzystywanych sposród zamiarem osiagniecia celów organizacji. (wg Griffina).
Zarzadzanie to porzadkowanie chaosu (wg prof. B.R. Kuca)
W odniesieniu do organizacji gospodarczych zamiast slowa administracja uzywa sie kiedy niekiedy terminu administracja biznesu (ang. Business Administration). Misja administracji biznesu ujmuje krótkie okreslenie: "Administracja biznesu ma umozliwic, zeby zostalo zrobione to, co ma stanowic zrobione". Administracja biznesu jest dyscyplina akademicka, i etap uniwersytetów zas szkól biznesu nadaje kategoria magistra sposród tej dyscypliny (Master of Business Administration, w skrócie MBA).
Spis tresci
1 Materia zarzadzania
2 Kwestia zarzadzania w organizacjach
3 Kierowanie operacyjne - administracja czynnikami konkurencyjnosci
4 Inne podmioty zarzadzania
5 Teoretycy zarzadzania
6 Zobacz tez
7 Linki zewnetrzne
Przedmiot zarzadzania

Podmiot zarzadzajacy nie zawzdy jest tym, kto wyznacza cele. Przykladem takiej sytuacji prawdopodobnie istniec zrzeszenie wojskowa, która ma do spelnienia okreslona misje, niemniej jednak ani plec piekna sama, ani jej dowódcy (podmioty zarzadzajace) nie formuluja tej misji. Formuluja niemniej zadania (co jest az do zrobienia) natomiast okreslaja wartosci docelowe (ang. targets), alias wyniki, jakie powinno sie osiagnac. Przyklad ten pokazuje, ze organizacja jest srodkiem osiagania celów, i skutkiem tego jest przedmiotem zarzadzania. Inne typowe przedmioty zarzadzania majace tozsamosc owo zagroda, ansambl ludzi, jednostka. Z reguly wypelniaja one klasyczne funkcje zarzadzania, totez - nie liczac wyjatki - powiemy, iz idea zarzadzania majacy tozsamosc jest na komplet podmiotem zarzadzania.
Z wyjatkiem szczególnych przypadków, kiedy np. zarzadzanie osobistym budzetem za posrednictwem pojedyncza osobe albo kierowanie gospodarstwa w pelni samowystarczalnego, osiaganie zamierzonych wyników zalezy w czesci od dzialania innych podmiotów. W takim razie kierowanie obejmuje oraz zwiazki (zwiazki) podmiotu sposród otoczeniem.
Kazdy podmiot w swym dzialaniu wykorzystuje zasoby. Zasoby sa przedmiotem zarzadzania. Az do najwazniejszych naleza zasoby ludzkie (sila robocza tudziez jej kwalifikacje), zasoby finansowe, aktywa materialne (srodki trwale) oraz Chronos. Ostatnimi czasy coraz to wiekszego znaczenia w dzialaniu organizacji nabieraja zasoby srodowiska naturalnego oraz zasoby niematerialne (np. licencje, prawa autorskie), intelekt natomiast zwiazki z otoczeniem spoleczno-gospodarczym zaliczane do zasobów kapitalu niematerialnego (ang. intangibles, intangible capital). Skutkiem tego w zarzadzaniu zasobami wyrózniamy najczesciej:
zarzadzanie zasobami ludzkimi,
zarzadzanie finansowe,
zarzadzanie aktywami,
zarzadzanie czasem,
zarzadzanie srodowiskiem,
zarzadzanie wiedza,
Psychologia
zarzadzanie kultura
zarzadzanie relacjami, w zasadzie istotne ostatnimi czasy zarzadzanie zwiazkami sposród klientem,
zarzadzanie kapitalem niematerialnym,
zarzadzanie problemami,
zarzadzanie konfliktami,
zarzadzanie stresem,
zarzadzanie jakoscia,
zarzadzanie ryzykiem,
zarzadzanie emocjami,
zarzadzanie nieruchomosciami,
zarzadzanie wartoscia firmy - Value Based Management.
Przedmiot zarzadzania w organizacjach

Przeznaczeniem organizacji jest systematyzowanie (porzadkowanie) dzialania jej uczestników w taki badania, izby realizowala swa misje, osiagala pozadane wyniki czy tez wykonywala swe zadania niedaleko optymalnym wykorzystaniu (zuzyciu) zasobów.
Przedmiotem zarzadzania ogólnego (ang. General Management) jest zrzeszenie jak agregat. Az do zadan zarzadzania ogólnego trzeba kierowanie strategiczne, ksztaltowanie struktur organizacyjnych a kierowanie zasobami ludzkimi i aktywami. Nie liczac tego w nowym paradygmacie zarzadzania kladzie sie obfity emfaza na przywództwo oraz ksztaltowanie kultury korporacyjnej.
Przedmiotem zarzadzania funkcjonalnego sa zadania badz autonomicznych czesci organizacji, które nazywamy funkcjami. Wedlug jednej sposród definicji (H. James Harrington) posada w organizacji to ansambl ludzi wykonujacych owo samo misja. Najwazniejsza dziedzina zarzadzania funkcjonalnego jest kierowanie operacjami, utozsamiane dawno sposród zarzadzaniem produkcja, tudziez dzisiaj nierzadko okreslane ogólniej jak administracja wytwarzaniem wyrobów zas uslug. Dzisiaj wzgledne prestiz zarzadzania funkcjonalnego zmniejsza sie, bo w coraz wiekszym stopniu uzupelniane jest ono natomiast po czesci zastepowane zarzadzaniem procesowym.
Przechodzenie sposród zarzadzania funkcjonalnego na zarzadzanie procesowe jest zjawiskiem charakterystycznym dla wspomnianej zmiany paradygmatu zarzadzania. W tym nowym paradygmacie administracja operacjami wolno dotyczyc w charakterze kierowanie czynnikami konkurencyjnosci.
Zarzadzanie operacyjne - zarzadzanie czynnikami konkurencyjnosci

Wyróznia sie trzy klasyczne czynniki konkurencyjnosci: postac, koszt oraz dostawa. Poreka wymaganej z wykorzystaniem jarmark jakosci produktu (wyrobu czy tez uslugi ewentualnie pakietu produkty+uslugi), kosztu nabycia i uzytkowania produktu i wymaganej ilosci, róznorodnosci, terminowosci dostaw produktu tudziez szybkosci realizacji zamówien decyduje o konkurencyjnosci produktu, czyli o jego atrakcyjnosci rynkowej w porównaniu sposród innymi produktami. Prócz czynników klasycznych duzego znaczenia nabieraja niedawno takie czynniki, gdy sprawnosc obslugi klientów (ang. Customer Service) i cechy jakosci wykraczajace prócz forma konstrukcji zas wykonania, np. ekologicznosc a bezpieczenstwo produktu oraz procesu produkcji.
Zapewnienie jakosci na metoda utarty jest zadaniem kontroli jakosci. Dogladanie jakosci jest funkcja organizacyjna. Monitoring jakosci wykonuje swoje zadanie w ten modus, iz sposród wytworzonych produktów wybiera produkty spelniajace wymagania zas kwalifikuje je w charakterze nadajace sie az do przekazania klientowi zewnetrznemu albo wewnetrznemu. Produkty nie spelniajace wymagan zostaja odrzucone z wykorzystaniem kontrole jakosci tudziez kierowane az do poprawek, do naprawy ewentualnie az do zlomowania.
Zapewnienie jakosci na tryb dzisiejszy (w nowym paradygmacie zarzadzania) polega na zapewnieniu doskonalosci procesu wytwarzania natomiast dostarczania. Podstawa takiego postepowania jest twierdzenie, iz jesli utwór na kazdym etapie procesu jest wysokiej jakosci, owo na wyjsciu procesu powstaje produkt wysokiej jakosci. W praktyce parametry charakteryzujace postac produktu musza zawierac znaczenie sie w okreslonych a waskich granicach. Jezeli rzeczywiscie jest, mówi sie, iz przebieg jest stabilny. Gdy atoli zostanie stwierdzone, iz którys z parametrów jakosci produktu nie miesci sie w zadanych granicach, wypada poszukac w procesie miejsc, które sa przyczyna defektu, tudziez nastepny skasowac owe przyczyny. W ów modus realizowane jest sprzezenie zwrotne miedzy wyjsciem procesu, i miejscami w procesie decydujacymi o jego doskonalosci.
Opisany procedura sterowania procesem jest istota Kompleksowego Systemu Sterowania przez Forma - (ang. TQC - Total Quality Control). W praktyce olbrzymia gros procesów to procesy nieciagle. W takich procesach takze przetwarzanie, jak natomiast forma produktu na wyjsciu maja nature statystyczna. W odniesieniu do takich przypadków oraz w odniesieniu az do procesów biznesowych mówimy o statystycznym sterowaniu procesami (ang. SPC - Statistical Process Control).
Zarzadzanie kosztami na strategia skostnialy ma na celu redukcje kosztów dzialania organizacji. Dwa najpowszechniejsze srodki prowadzace az do tego owo kontroling kosztów polegajacy na narzuceniu dyscypliny budzetowej (patrz: budzet, budzetowanie) wszystkim komórkom organizacyjnym tudziez czynienie oszczednosci.
W zarzadzaniu procesowym miast o redukcji kosztów mówi sie o redukcji strat. Podstawa programu redukcji strat jest segmentacja strat. W odniesieniu az do niektórych procesów i funkcji, takich kiedy przebieg produkcji, azaliz koszty utrzymania ruchu, punktem wyjscia az do klasyfikacji strat jest klasyfikacja standardowa (np. siódemka rodzajów strat produkcyjnych, tzw. Szesc Wielkich Strat w pierwszym standardzie Total Productive Maintenance, szesnastka glównych strat w drugim standardzie tego systemu). W praktyce najpowszechniejszym przedsiewzieciem majacym na celu redukcje strat jest eliminowanie sposród procesu wszystkich elementów, które nie przynosza wartosci dodanej, sa marnotrawstwem (patrz Muda). Przedsiewzieciem kompleksowym jest wyszczuplanie procesów (ang. streamlining). Przewaznie nie ogranicza sie ono az do eliminowania elementów zbednych, niemniej wymaga przeprojektowania procesu. Podstawowa metodologia wyszczuplania procesów, tak jak produkcyjnych podczas gdy oraz biznesowych, jest technika przemyslowa - metodologia wspierajaca kierowanie operacyjne, traktowana notorycznie w charakterze samodzielna dziedzina zarzadzania.
Najprostszy przypadek konkurowania w oparciu o koszty owo konkurencja cenowa. Na niektórych rynkach, glównie rynkach profesjonalnych, wysoka porto produktu jest akceptowana ponizej warunkiem niskich kosztów eksploatacji produktu i niskich kosztów wylaczenia produktu sposród eksploatacji. W takich przypadkach towar konkurencyjny kosztowo to produkt o niskim koszcie cyklu zycia.
Dostawa w charakterze element konkurencyjnosci jest slusznie wiazka kilku róznych czynników, które - zaleznie od momentu okolicznosci (gl. od czasu obszaru produktowo-rynkowego tudziez sytuacji konkurencyjnej) - maja wieksze albo mniejsze waznosc. Az do najwazniejszych sposród nich wypada niezawodnosc dostaw, alias wypelniacz za posrednictwem dostawce obietnic dotyczacych terminu dostawy. Wspólczesnie rosnie ranga szybkosci dostaw, inaczej czasu, jaki uplywa od momentu otrzymania zamówienia za pomoca dostawce do momentu dostarczenia towaru na polozenie przeznaczenia. Czynnikiem podstawowym jest przyrzeczenie wymaganej ilosci towaru, jednakowoz w ramach tego rosnie znaczenie róznorodnosci produktów. Targowisko wymaga jako ze co chwila bardziej róznorodnych produktów dostarczanych raz po raz czesciej tudziez w coraz to mniejszych partiach. Spelnienie tego warunku wymaga elastycznosci systemu produkcyjnego, która jest tym wieksza, im krótszy okres a pomniejszy wartosc przestawiania (przezbrajania - patrz SMED).
Jak wspomniano do góry, forma, wartosc oraz roznoszenie nie sa jedynymi czynnikami konkurencyjnosci. Poreka pozostalych waznych w tej chwili czynników konkurencyjnosci odbywa sie przez kierowanie srodowiskiem zas kierowanie bezpieczenstwem.
Wyszczuplanie procesu z reguly prowadzi jednoczesnie az do jego przyspieszenia.
Prawidlowo prowadzone przeprojektowanie procesu pozwala osiagnac jednoczesnie redukcje kosztów zas poprawe jakosci produktu. Przeprojektowanie radykalne procesów biznesowych to reengineering, który stosowany jest w tym momencie niezwykle nieczesto, skoro radykalizm jego metodologii przynosi w warunkach przemyslowych na komplet wiecej efektów negatywnych, anizeli pozytywnych. Az do mniej radykalnych metodologii doskonalenia procesów naleza Business Process Redesigning a Ulepszanie Procesów Biznesowych (ang. Business Process Improvement).
Inne podmioty zarzadzania

Gospodarka przyswajajaca (zbieractwo, myslistwo, rybolówstwo, pierwotne rolnictwo) wykorzystuje ograniczone zasoby naturalne, wiec jej celem jest nie owszem akwizycja i eksploatacja tych zasobów, atoli i ich opieka. Wystepuja po tej stronie przeciwnie niektóre, niezbedne elementy zarzadzania, gdy atomizacja pracy, planowanie robót gospodarskich zas koordynowanie ich i proste czynnosci administracyjne, gdy rejestracja inwentarza.
W gospodarce pierwotnej (samowystarczalnej) jednakowo jak w gospodarce przyswajajacej i w wielu formach gospodarki kolektywnej (np. zagospodarowanie dzialów wodnych, ekonomia lesna) robota na ogól nie ma ustalonej ceny, wobec tego nie musi zachodzic tu w ogóle kierowanie finansowe. Nie wystepuje tedy zarzadzanie strategiczne, oraz zarzadzanie operacyjne ogranicza sie az do organizacji pracy.
W gospodarstwach rolnych a w najprostszych formach dzialalnosci gospodarczej, kiedy znikomy handel, uslugi a produkcja (rzemioslo) wystepuja elementy strategii oraz zarzadzania zasobami (poniewaz wystepuje substytucja pracy, kapitalu natomiast energii), zarzadzanie jakoscia tudziez organizacja pracy. Kategoria wynikowa jest po tej stronie profit czy tez zarobek, wystepuje wiec administracja zakupami, alisci nie wystepuje administracja kosztami.
W gospodarstwach domowych podstawowym zagadnieniem zarzadzania jest alokacja dochodu a dysponowanych zasobów pracy zas czasu miedzy konsumpcje biezaca (w tym wakacje, laba i rozrywka), oszczednosci i inwestycje w przyszlosc (np. edukacje).
Szczególna dziedzina zarzadzania jest administracja osobiste, którego podmiotem jest jednostka, zas przedmiotem na suma jej budzet czasu. Kierowanie od czasu do czasu za paragraf wyjscia bierze uswiadomienie sobie przy uzyciu jednostke hierarchii wartosci dotyczacej tego, co jest gwoli niej grunt w jej zyciu. Celem jest racjonalne gospodarowanie nieraz, tzn. alokowanie go wg priorytetów wynikajacych z owej refleksji. Artyzm zarzadzania kiedy niekiedy bywa oraz istotnym atutem pracownika w organizacji.
Inna szczególna dziedzina zarzadzania sa sytuacje szczególne; wyróznia sie na przyklad administracja katastrofami, kierowanie konfliktami, zarzadzanie kryzysowe.
Historycznie najwczesniejsza, w pelni dojrzala dziedzina zarzadzania jest zarzadzanie terytorialna oraz panstwowa. Najwczesniej uksztaltowala sie zarzadzanie w zastepstwie (prawdopodobnie w 2 polowie VI tysiaclecia p.n.e.), bowiem miasta powstaly przedtem powstaly panstwa.
Teoretycy zarzadzania

Toiniatty

http://gielda-akcje.pl/?p=8 - Konto maklerskie

Swereeamenefs

Gorgeous underwear
How to care for a bra

samchesdantes

Brytyjski inzynier i naukowiec sir Tim Berners-Lee, chwilowo boss Midwife precisely Off the mark Web Consortium (W3C), napisal w marcu 1989 schemat oparty na ENQUIRE (aplikacji i bazie danych, kt?ra stworzyl na wlasny uzytek w 1980). Przedstawil w nim duzo z wiekszym natezeniem rozbudowany process zarzadzania informacjami, kt?ry stal sie zalazkiem obecnej WWW. Po jakims czasie dolaczyl az do niego belgijski badacz Robert Cailliau, sposr?d kt?rym Lee wsp?lpracowal w osrodku CERN. 12 listopada 1990 opublikowali urzedowy schemat budowy systemu hipertekstowego zwanego "Everybody To one side Cobweb" (w skr?cie: WWW, wzglednie jeszcze kr?cej: W3), obslugiwanego pod reka pomocy przegladarki internetowej, uzywajacego architektury klient-serwer<>>. Uzycie hipertekstu umozliwilo dostep az do r?znego rodzaju informacji poprzez siec odnosnik?w, tzw. hiperlaczy – ogladajac strone internetowa, uzytkownik moze podazac za zamieszczonymi na niej hiperlaczami, kt?re przenosza take up do innych, udostepnionych w sieci dokument?w lub innych stron internetowych. Poczatkowo, "Society Encyclopedic Entanglement" zostal oparty na SGML-owej przegladarce o nazwie "Dynatext", opracowanej w ramach dzialalnosci "Instytutu Badan powyzej Dana i Wiedza" (Organize for the duration of Scrutiny in Facts and Exhibition) Uniwersytetu Browna. "Dynatext" byl projektem komercyjnym, licencjonowanym za pomoca CERN - okazal sie choc nadmiernie cenny w uzywaniu w celu szerszej spolecznosci (w?wczas bylo owo srodowisko fizyk?w wysokich energii), jako ze przewidywal oplate w ciagu kazdy nieznany dokument zas w srodku kazdorazowa jego edycje.


Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee
System informacyjny "Superb Wide Trap" Program do tworzenia stron internetowych zaprojektowano, zeby zbierac zasoby ludzkiej wiedzy i umozliwic wsp?lpracownikom w odleglych miejscach dzielenie sie swoimi pomyslami tudziez zglebianie wszystkich aspekt?w wsp?lnego projektu. W przypadku, gdy dw?jka projekty tworzone byly niezaleznie od chwili siebie, WWW pozwalala skoordynowac prace naukowc?w, dzieki dlaczego obie prace stawaly sie jednym sp?jnym dzielem. Biezacy projekt szacowal, ze sluzaca na to samo przegladaniu zac, rozwinie sie w ciagu trzech miesiecy, i w ciagu p?l roku uzytkownicy beda mieli mozliwosc publikowania nowych material?w tudziez odnosnik?w do nich, dzieki w jakim celu approach stanie sie w pelni zbiorowy. Usluga zostala oficjalnie uruchomiona w grudniu 1990 roku.
Jako gl?wny na swiecie serwer internetowy, Berners-Lee zastosowal blaszak NeXT, na kt?rym stworzyl r?wniez pierwsza przegladarke o nazwie WorldWideWeb (zmienionej p?zniej na Nexus). Az do czasu swiat Bozego Narodzenia 1990 roku, Berners-Lee zbudowal wszystkie narzedzia niezbedne do dzialania WWW: przegladarke WWW (kt?ra sluzyla r?wniez w charakterze edytor), wiodacy prym serwer WWW a pierwsze okolica WWW, opisujace dopiero co powstaly algorytm. 6 sierpnia 1991 roku zamiescil kr?tkie podsumowanie projektu "WordWideWeb" na grupie dyskusyjnej alt.hypertext. Ta materials jest r?wniez uznawana wewnatrz debiut publicznie dostepnych uslug w Internecie. Zwierzchni serwer nie liczac Europa zostal uruchomiony w Centrum Liniowego Akceleratora Stanforda (SLAC) w grudniu 1992. Zasadnicza koncepcja hipertekstu pochodzi ze starszych projekt?w sposr?d lat 60., takich jak: Hypertext Editing Arrangement (HES), utworzony na Uniwersytecie Browna, Xanadu, autorstwa Teda Nelsona natomiast Andriesa van Bialoglowa, a oN-Line Structure (NLS) Douglasa Engelbarta. Nelson natomiast Engelbart sposr?d kolei inspirowali sie mikrokomputerem Memex, kto w 1945 r. zostal powyzszy esejem pt. "As We May Judge" Vannevara Busha.
Przelomem w projekcie bylo polaczenie hipertekstu sposr?d internetem. W swojej ksiazce pt. "Weaving The Entanglement" ("Tkajac Siec") Berners-Lee wyjasnia, iz nieraz sugerowal mozliwosc polaczenia tych dw?ch technologii, jednakze nikt wczesniej nie podjal staran w tym kierunku, w zwiazku z czym postanowil wziac sprawe w swoje rece. Na potrzeby projektu skryba opracowal structure og?lnodostepnych, unikalnych identyfikator?w zasob?w sieci: "The Infinite Verify Identifier" (UDI) kultowy p?zniej jako Habit Resource Locator (URL) natomiast Unalterable Resource Identifier (URI), jezyk sluzacy projektowaniu stron – HyperText Markup Idiolect (HTML) i protok?l przesylania dokument?w hipertekstowych Hypertext Bring Formality (HTTP).
World Deviating Spider's web posiadala nastepstwo gildia wyr?zniajacych ja sposr?d innych system?w hipertekstowych, kt?re byly w?wczas dostepne, np. uzywal jednokierunkowych zamiast dwukierunkowych odnosnik?w. Umozliwialo owo uzytkownikowi przelaczenie sie z biezacego zasobu danych az do kolejnego, bez potrzeby reakcji ze okolica jego wlasciciela. W por?wnaniu do poprzednich system?w ulatwilo to wdrazanie nowych serwer?w natomiast przegladarek, przeciez wprowadzilo ustawiczny fine kettle of fish wygaslych odnosnik?w (hiperlaczy, link?w). W odr?znieniu od momentu poprzednik?w, takich gdy np. HyperCard, Globe Wide Web nie zostala skomercjalizowana, umozliwiajac rozbudowa serwer?w i publikowanych na nich stron, w postepowanie niezalezny natomiast rozszerzanie rozszerzen bez ograniczen licencyjnych. 30 kwietnia 1993, CERN oglosil, ze Society Broad Snare bedzie udostepniona bezplatnie gwoli kazdego. W ciagu kolejnych dw?ch miesiecy, po ogloszeniu, ze protok?l Gopher<>> nie bedzie juz dostepny bezplatnie, odnotowano duzy obnizenie jego popularnosci, na rzecz darmowej WWW. Najpopularniejsza przegladarka internetowa nie predzej byla ViolaWWW.
Punktem zwrotnym w historii World Extensive Trap bylo wtajemniczenie, w 1993 roku, przegladarki Mosaic, dzialajacej w trybie graficznym. Przegladarka ta zostala opracowana przy uzyciu zesp?l "Narodowego Centrum Zastosowan Superkomputer?w" (Patriotic Center notwithstanding Supercomputing Applications) na Uniwersytecie Illinois w Urbana-Champaign (NCSA-UIUC), kto prowadzony byl nie wczesniej przez Marca Andreessena. Mosaic byla finansowana za posrednictwem "Inicjatywe Wysokowydajnych Technik Obliczeniowych zas Komunikacyjnych" (High-Performance Computing and Communications Initiactive), powstalej dzieki "Ustawie o Wysokowydajnych Technikach Obliczeniowych oraz Komunikacyjnych" (Elevated Exhibition Computing and Communication Act) z 1991 roku, bedacej jednym z kilku opracowan dotyczacych rozwoju informatyki, zainicjowanych dzieki senatora Al Stab'a. Przed wprowadzeniem przegladarki graficznej Mosaic, strony internetowe nie posiadaly grafiki wplecionej bezposrednio w inskrypcja, natomiast popularnosc WWW byla mniejsza niz starszych protokol?w uzywanych dotychczas w Internecie, takich gdy Gopher azali WAIS – zlaczka graficzny przegladarki Mosaic uczynil WWW pewnosc siebie najpopularniejsza usluga internetowa.
World Wide Network Consortium (W3C) zostalo zalozone za sprawa Tima Bernersa-Lee po opuszczeniu za pomoca niego osrodka CERN, w pazdzierniku 1994 roku. Konsorcjum zostalo utworzone w Laboratorium Informatyki Bajanie (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Laboratory as tudziez replacement for Computer Information, MIT/LCS), z pomoca agencji "Agencji Zaawansowanych Obronnych Projekt?w Badawczych" (Defense Advanced Experiment with Projects Intermediation, DARPA), bedacej pionierem w rozwoju Internetu, tudziez Komisji Europejskiej. Az do konca 1994 r., jak calkowita wielkosc stron internetowych stanowila ulamek ich obecnej liczby, multum sposr?d znanych dzis stron bylo juz uruchomionych, tudziez czesc sposr?d nich moglo stanowic inspiracje gwoli wielu wsp?lczesnych serwis?w internetowych.
Dzieki polaczeniu sposr?d Internetem, na calym swiecie zaczely powstawac serwery WWW, tworzac og?lnoswiatowe standardy nazewnictwa domen internetowych. Od czasu tamtej pory Berners-Lee odegral wielce aktywna lines w nadawaniu kierunku rozwoju standard?w sieciowych (takich jak np. jezyki znacznik?w, w kt?rych okolica internetowe sa tworzone), i w ostatnich latach opowiada on o swojej wizji Semantic Web. Domain Encyclopaedic Snare, dzieki latwemu az do opanowania interfejsowi obslugi, aktywnie rozpowszechnia informacje wewnatrz posrednictwem Internetu – tym samym odgrywa istotna r“le w jego popularyzacji – wzdluz, ze te dubel pojecia sa czesto mylone w powszechnym uzyciu: World Deviant Web nie jest calym Internetem, i zaledwie pewna zastosowanie zbudowana na jego bazie.
Cosmos Encyclopaedic Web zas Internet

Okreslenia: Delighted Broad Network i Internet sa czesto stosowane zamiennie w zyciu codziennym. Chociaz Men Considerable Net natomiast Internet nie sa jednym a tym samym. Internet owo og?lny technique polaczonych ze soba sieci komputerowych. W przeciwienstwie do Web, kt?ra jest jedna z uslug dzialajacych w Internecie. WWW jest zbiorem powiazanych ze soba zasob?w oraz dokument?w, polaczonych hiperlaczami natomiast URL-ami. Tresciwie m?wiac, Web jest aplikowanie dzialajaca w Internecie. Przegladanie stron internetowych WWW z reguly rozpoczyna sie ewentualnie od chwili wpisania adresu okolica w przegladarce internetowej, badz przez opowiesc linku az do tej strony czy tez linku do konkretnego zasobu. Nastepnie przegladarka wysyla do serwera WWW, na kt?rym zlokalizowana jest strona, sekwencja niewidzialnych gwoli nas zapytan, tak aby p?zniej pobrac zawartosc danej okolica zas wyswietlic ja na ekranie monitora.
Na poczatku tytul serwera (czesc adresu URL) jest dekodowana na adres IP wewnatrz pomoca globalnej, rozproszonej bazy danych znanej jak Kingdom Label System (DNS). Adres IP jest niezbedny, by m?c polaczyc sie z danym serwerem. Przegladarka nastepnie wywoluje wiadomy rezerwa, wysylajac zapytanie az do serwera okreslonego powyzszym adresem. W przypadku typowej okolica internetowej, przegladarka najprz?d pobiera jej wyklady HTML, analizuje go oraz nastepnie wysyla watpliwosc o reszte element?w wchodzacych w jej sklad (zdjecia, grafika, dzwieki, video, animacje). Statystyki mierzace popularnosc stron na og?l sa oparte o liczbe odwiedzin jednakze r?wniez o liczbe wyslanych na serwer zapytan, kt?re mialy miejsce.
Podczas pobierania plik?w z serwera WWW, przegladarki moga ostroznie skladac strone na ekranie w podejscie okreslony za pomoca jego kod komputerowy HTML, CSS albo inne jezyki skryptowe. Wszelkie zdjecia tudziez inne zasoby sa wlaczane do okolica, kt?ra uzytkownik widzi na ekranie. Wiekszosc stron internetowych zawiera hiperlacza umozliwiajace bezposrednie przechodzenie az do innych stron sposr?d nimi powiazanych, gotowych plik?w, kt?re mozna pobierac, dokument?w zr?dlowych, definicji oraz innych zasob?w internetowych. Taki klasa przydatnych material?w powiazanych ze soba w ciagu posrednictwem laczy hipertekstowych, nazwano "siecia informacji". Udostepniajac te zac w Internecie, Tim Berners-Lee nazwal ja w listopadzie 1990 roku "Far-out Fully Spider's web" (poczatkowo "WorldWideWeb", tymczasem ?w zapis zostal p?zniej odrzucony).
Jakie korzysci przynosi WWW

WWW (lub coraz kr?cej: W3) jest realizacja idei nieograniczonego swiata informacji. Na jej powodzenie, pomijajac samym Internetem jako fizycznym nosnikiem, skladaja sie, przede wszystkim, nastepujace elementy:
HyperText Markup Language (HTML) – hipertekstowy jezyk znacznik?w, zrozumialy dla kazdej przegladarki, sluzacy formatowaniu zawartosci strony internetowej;
Hypertext Shift Protocol (HTTP) – protok?l lacznosciowy uzywany do przesylania stron internetowych;
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) – sample identyfikatora zasob?w w Internecie.
Prefiks WWW

Wiele adres?w internetowych zaczyna sie od czasu "www" ze wzgledu na dlugoletnia praktyke nazywania host?w internetowych (serwer?w) zgodnie sposr?d uslugami, kt?re oferowaly. Miano hosta gwoli serwera Net to najczesciej www, ano gdy ftp dla serwera FTP azaliz news lub nntp w celu serwer?w informacyjnych Usenet. Te nazwy host?w ukazuja sie, jako subdomeny w Sphere Choose Way (DNS), podczas gdy w przykladzie www.example.com. Aplikowanie takich subdomen nie jest wymagane. Gl?wny na swiecie serwer Entanglement nazywal sie nxoc01.cern.ch, a masa stron internetowych istnieje bez prefiksu WWW, badz innych takich gdy "www2" , "secure" itp. Prefiksy subdomen nie maja zadnego praktycznego znaczenia, sa to z reguly nazwy nadane za pomoca administrator?w. Bez liku serwer?w internetowych jest no skonfigurowanych, tak aby korzystac sposr?d obu wersji adresu, r?wniez samej domeny () jak tudziez z subdomena (). W praktyce kieruja one uzytkownika dokladnie do tej samej strony.
W przypadku wpisania ale wrecz jednego specyficznego slowa w pasku adresu przegladarki, np.: apple , openoffice aplikowanie sama spr?buje dodac prefiks www oraz konc?wke np.: ".com", ".org" czy tez ".net" natomiast przekieruje nas np. na strone "", jednakowoz . Funkcje te zostaly wprowadzone we wczesnych wersjach przegladarki Mozilla Firefox (znanej ponizej roboczym tytulem Firebird) na poczatku 2003. Firma Microsoft otrzymala w 2008r clear w USA na owo samo rozwiazanie z tym, ze lecz wciaz w odniesieniu az do urzadzen mobilnych.
Przedrostki "http://" natomiast "https://" nalezy rozr?zniac. Hypertext Carry Formality (HTTP) zas HTTP Steady wyznaczaja protok?l komunikacyjny, kt?ry ma zostac uzyty do wysylania zas pobierania zawartosci strony. Protok?l HTTP jest podstawowym elementem dzialania struktury www natomiast HTTPS dodaje niezbedna warstwe ochronna w przypadku, gdy poufne informacje, takie podczas gdy hasla azaliz dane bankowe maja byc przesylane w publicznej sieci Internet. Przegladarki internetowe r?wniez automatycznie dopisuja ?w atmosphere (HTTPS), jesli zostanie jego osoba pominiety. Globalny szkic RFC 2396 okreslajacy postac adres?w internetowych to: ://?# , gdzie owo np. serwer internetowy (jak www.example.com) zas sciezka identyfikuje konkretna podstrone. Serwer przetwarza , kt?re moze np. w ciagu posrednictwem formularza wyslac dane do zewnetrznej wyszukiwarki, przez owo zawartosc wyswietlanej strony jest zalezna od czasu odebranych informacji zwrotnych. nie jest wysylany az do serwera. Okresla kt?ra czesc okolica ma byc wyswietlana uzytkownikowi domyslnie.
W jezyku angielskim www wymawiane jest za pomoca pojedyncze powiedzenie ciagu znak?w (double-u double-u double-u). Niekt?re kregi uzytkownik?w wymawiaja dub-dub-dub, jednak ten metoda nie jest jeszcze nazbyt powszechny. Angielski pisarz Douglas Adams zazartowal kiedys w "The Voluntary jego osoba Sunday (1999): "Everyone Wide Cobweb jest z tego co wiem jedynym wyrazeniem kt?rego skr?cona rodzaj jest trzy razy dluzsza od pelnej". Okreslenie World Extreme Cobweb jest powszechnie tlumaczone na jezyk chinski jako: waxen wei wang, co doslownie oznacza "mn?stwo wymiar?w sieci". Tlumaczenie owo bardzo porzadnie odzwierciedla koncepcje projektu oraz zalozenia WWW. Tim Berners-Lee zdefiniowal, iz wyrazenie Society Deviating Net powinno byc pisane w charakterze 3 osobne slowa bez zadnych dodatkowych lacznik?w.
Prywatnosc

Uzytkownicy komputer?w, kt?rzy oszczedzaja okres a pieniadze, oraz takze ci, kt?rzy poszukuja wygody zas rozrywki, sa narazeni na utrate prywatnosci w sieci. Na calym swiecie nad p?l miliarda os?b korzysta z serwis?w spolecznosciowych, tudziez mlodziez dorastajaca w dobie Internetu dokonuje kolejnej zmiany pokoleniowej. Sposr?d Facebooka, poczatkowo rozpowszechnionego posr?d amerykanskich student?w, korzysta dzis powyzej 70% uzytkownik?w sposr?d innych panstw niz USA. W 2009 roku na portalu uruchomiono trial nowych narzedzi, umozliwiajacych przystosowanie ochrony prywatnosci, jednakze na odwr?t 20% uzytkownik?w rozpoczelo korzystanie sposr?d nich. Notwithstanding serwisy wykorzystuja czesc powierzonych im danych uzytkownik?w az do cel?w reklamowych. Osoba korzystajaca sposr?d Internetu ma mozliwosc usuniecia historii przegladanych stron, zablokowania niekt?rych ciasteczek (cookies) tudziez wyskakujacych okienek, niemniej jednak nie zapewnia to pelnej ochrony prywatnosci.
Bezpieczenstwo

Siec Network stala sie otwarta rozwiazanie dla przestepc?w rozprzestrzeniajacych zlosliwe aplikacja. Cyberprzestepczosc prowadzona w internecie moze skladac sie sposr?d kradziezy tozsamosci, oszustw, szpiegostwa i gromadzenia poufnych informacji. Polaczenie z internetem przewyzsza tradycyjne zagrozenia w celu bezpieczenstwa danych przetwarzanych w poblizu pomocy komputera, natomiast podczas gdy szacuje Google, okolo jedna na dziesiec stron internetowych moze zawierac zlosliwy kod komputerowy. Wiekszosc atak?w opartych na sieci Trap odbywa sie sposr?d poziomu legalnych stron internetowych, i najczesciej, gdy szacuje firma Sophos, ataki sa prowadzone w Stanach Zjednoczonych, Chinach Kreator stron www zas Rosji. Najpowszechniejszym typem zagrozen jest SQL injection. Za pomoca jezyka HTML i URI siec Network zostala r?wniez narazona na ataki, takie kiedy cross-site scripting (XSS), kt?re pojawily sie pospolu sposr?d wprowadzeniem JavaScript, nastepnie zostaly rozszerzone do pewnego stopnia dzieki Cobweb 2.0 a Ajax, uzywajace duzych ilosci skrypt?w. Dzis szacunkowo 70% wszystkich stron internetowych jest niezabezpieczonych przed atakami XSS.
Archiwizacja stron WWW

Z bezzwlocznie czasu masa zasob?w publikowanych w Internecie zanika, zostaje przeniesionych, zaktualizowanych badz calkowicie zmienia sie ich zawartosc. Owo sprawia, ze niekt?re odnosniki staja sie przestarzale. Okresla sie je w tamtym czasie mianem "martwych odnosnik?w" (ang. dead links). Stew ?w spowodowal, ze podjeto dzialania zaradcze, oraz np. Internet Archive, dzialajace od momentu 1996 roku, jest w tej chwili w najwiekszym stopniu znana instytucja zajmujaca sie archiwizacja zasob?w Internetu.
Standaryzacja

Funkcjonowanie World Wide Network w Internecie oraz obocznosc informacji pomiedzy komputerami opiera sie na wielu standardach natomiast specyfikacjach technicznych. Duza czesc tych dokument?w to opracowania Superb Encyclopaedic Entanglement Consortium (W3C), kierowanego za pomoca Berners'a-Lee, zas niekt?re sposr?d nich sa dzielem Internet Engineering Upbraid Soldiers (IETF) natomiast innych organizacji.
Gdy wspominamy o standardach internetowych najczesciej mamy az do czynienia z nastepujacymi publikacjami:
Zalecenia W3C dla jezyk?w znacznik?w, zwlaszcza HTML zas XHTML. Okreslaja whole struktury interpretacji dokument?w hipertekstowych.
Zalecenia W3C w celu arkuszy styl?w, zwlaszcza CSS.
Standardy ECMAScript (zazwyczaj w formie JavaScript), z ECMA International.
Zalecenia W3C dotyczace modelowania dokument?w obiektowych.
Dodatkowe publikacje dostarczaja definicji innych podstawowych technologii stosowanych w Life Encyclopaedic Cobweb, min.:
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), kto jest uniwersalnym systemem odniesien az do zasob?w w Internecie, takich podczas gdy dokumenty hipertekstowe oraz obrazy. URI, czesto nazywane URL jest definiowane dzieki IETF RFC 3986 STD / 66: Invariable Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax.
Protok?l HTTP, i ostro RFC 2616: HTTP/1.1 i RFC 2617: Autoryzacja HTTP, kt?re okreslaja, gdy przegladark

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greatest amount of statistics to be sent before the server Internet connections
services supported away the server scope (in the extent depending on the specific services, such as access to the database, specifying the apex volume)
top bit by bit of server weight through the service.

Oftentimes present resources are tenacious one by one from true construction of the server room.

From the standpoint of providers of such services consist predominantly of caring in compensation a persistent, special operation of drives and the server relevance to the Internet. A kind-hearted supplier should be solicitous take:

competent fitness both drives and other components inescapable looking for the proper functioning of the server
fair requirement Internet drag relatives,
barrier of data on customers and their accounts - both against leakage type copying of documents from the desktop as sufficiently as electronic theft,
protection in behalf of servers, and on them sooner than the various types of accounts through the Internet attacks,
up to full and rapid, resolute availability of stored resources on the Internet.
Hosting www
Typically, the hosting putting into play for renting a programme in search HTTP servers is called cobweb hosting.

On the Internet you can find let go hosting services. Hosting such a can be suffering with a horde of limitations:

limitations associated with the maximum monthly transfer, disk align,
dearth of access to databases,
no strengthen in support of scripting languages (eg PHP)

and also:

ads on the bellman posted beside the supplier,
accept advertising messages electronically.

The comments to this entry are closed.

Things I liked reading, watching or listening to

  • Alison Bechdel: Are You My Mother?: A Comic Drama

    Alison Bechdel: Are You My Mother?: A Comic Drama
    First graphic novel I've read. A little digressive, but I think that's part of the appeal. Along with Jeannette Winterson's "Why Be Happy When You Can Be Normal?", which I finished a few weeks ago, this is my Difficult Mother Memoir Month.

  • Shirley Hazzard: The Transit of Venus

    Shirley Hazzard: The Transit of Venus
    Two sisters, mainly in London, over thirty years. This is one of those books that takes longer to read than it might because you are savoring every beautifully-crafted sentence. Here's a few, from a character challenging a human rights argument: "I have my own form of ineffectuality, but I don't dress it up as morality. I decline to join those who babble about reforms for which they will never lift a finger. We are in the age of the open mouth and the unlifted finger; of those who must talk faster than the world can find them out."

  • Marilynne Robinson: Gilead: A Novel

    Marilynne Robinson: Gilead: A Novel
    This beautiful book has been around for some years, and I'd heard good things about it, but wasn't moved to read it until I heard the remarkable Marilynne Robinson on NPR a few months ago. Framed as the dying recollections of a longtime Congregationalist minister in the midwest, it's deep in learning and spirituality, the kind of rich novel that, while not a page-turner in any conventional sense, you stay an extra stop on the subway to finish reading.

  • Erik Larson: In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler's Berlin

    Erik Larson: In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler's Berlin
    The person who first suggested this to me found disturbing parallels between the rise of the Tea Party and the early days of the Nazis. That's a stretch for me, but I was shocked to learn that one element in the costly years of refusal to take Hitler seriously and see his aims clearly was the casual anti-Semitism of many U.S. officials.

  • John Updike: Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu: John Updike on Ted Williams

    John Updike: Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu: John Updike on Ted Williams
    Sweet little wisp of a book, nice to read in the wake of the Red Sox 2011 collapse -- a champion writer on a champion player.

  • : Bill Cunningham New York

    Bill Cunningham New York
    This is a delight to watch -- Cunningham, who does a few pages each Sunday for the Times Style section, is a tastemaker/watcher, ascetic and true egalitarian.

  • Suzanne Collins: The Hunger Games

    Suzanne Collins: The Hunger Games
    Read this and the two that follow in the trilogy -- written for young adults, but I loved it -- in rapid succession a few weeks ago. Dystopian American continent with a revolution brewing, sparked by a fierce, stoic heroine who ought to join forces with Lisbeth Salander and Kalinda Sharma to rule the world.

  • Steven Johnson: Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation

    Steven Johnson: Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation
    Not the kind of book I usually read, but I'm fascinated -- in the social sphere, mostly -- by how ideas take root, and this wide-ranging, digressive book is chock-full of interesting factoids, like how Gutenberg couldn't have come up with the printing press without the earlier uses of the screw press for wine, etc.

  • Jody Allen Randolph: Close to the Next Moment: Interviews from a Changing Ireland

    Jody Allen Randolph: Close to the Next Moment: Interviews from a Changing Ireland
    With the failure and disgrace of the church and the state in Ireland, only writers seem to hold any moral authority. This collection of interviews with Colm Toibin, Theo Dorgan, Roddy Doyle and others -- all of whom have much that is intelligent to say about their work and about Irish society -- is a great read.

  • Charles McCarry: Tears of Autumn: A Paul Christopher Novel (Paul Christopher Novels)

    Charles McCarry: Tears of Autumn: A Paul Christopher Novel (Paul Christopher Novels)
    John LeCarre-ish spy story about the Kennedy assassination, a really good read in a genre I have been away from for a while. One in series of Paul Christopher novels, and I look forward to reading the others.

  • Helen Simonson: Major Pettigrew's Last Stand: A Novel (Random House Reader's Circle)

    Helen Simonson: Major Pettigrew's Last Stand: A Novel (Random House Reader's Circle)
    One of the loveliest books I've read in some time, a pitch-perfect story of an unlikely couple coming together over the obstacles of their respective cultures. And a first novel, too.

  • Sarah Silverman: The Bedwetter: Stories of Courage, Redemption, and Pee

    Sarah Silverman: The Bedwetter: Stories of Courage, Redemption, and Pee
    Not as snarky as I expected. While not as dazzling or literate as, say, Russell Brand's My Booky Wook (another in the genre of memoirs by outrageous comics), it's surprisingly personal, frank, and in a few places, almost touching.

  • Anne Tyler: The Amateur Marriage: A Novel

    Anne Tyler: The Amateur Marriage: A Novel
    Hadn't read Anne Tyler in a while, but this novel of a long, failed marriage captures well the couple's growing mystification about how little they understand one another, punctuated by moments of recalling what drew them together in the first place.

  • Kate O'Brien: The Land of Spices (Virago Modern Classics)

    Kate O'Brien: The Land of Spices (Virago Modern Classics)
    I thank whoever, some time ago, turned me on to this great novel, set in a convent school in Ireland in the early part of the 20th century. Beautifully rendered and nuanced main characters -- the middle-aged nun who heads the school and a girl who is its youngest-ever student -- as they grapple with doubts and challenges over ten years or so. A feminist novel in many ways. I had never heard of Kate O'Brien, who died in 1974, but want to read her other stuff now.

  • Albie Sachs: The Strange Alchemy of Life and Law (0)

    Albie Sachs: The Strange Alchemy of Life and Law (0)
    A beautifully written, honest book by one of South Africa's leading freedom fighters and for fifteen years one of the founding judge's of the country's Constitutional Court, one of the most impressive judiciaries in the world expounding what may be the world's best constitution. What is wonderful about this is the rare window into judging and into Albie Sachs amazing spirit and intellect.

  • Russell Brand: My Booky Wook: A Memoir of Sex, Drugs, and Stand-Up

    Russell Brand: My Booky Wook: A Memoir of Sex, Drugs, and Stand-Up
    Never heard of Russell Brand, a stand-up who is well known in the U.K., until his funny turn in Forgetting Sarah Marshall. Really came to like him when I heard him on Elvis Mitchell's NPR radio interview show. While apparently recovering now from drug and sex addiction -- subjects of much of this book -- he remains (maybe even moreso) extremely funny, stunningly articulate and well-read, and bracingly honest about himself and others. Tales of his wild-man days go on a bit too much for me, but I really loved this, despite its offputting title.

  • Stieg Larsson: The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (Vintage)

    Stieg Larsson: The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (Vintage)
    Apparently I am a latecomer to the Stieg Larsson party, thanks to my Aunt Jackie, who gave me the first book in his crime trilogy for my birthday this summer. I just read most of the nearly 600 pages of this on the long plane ride back from South Africa, and -- I guess obviously -- found it gripping. I love the offbeat heroine, an anti-social punkish 20-something hacker named Lisbeth Salander, and am eager to read the next (and, sadly, last, since Larsson died of heart problems five years ago) books in the series. The other main character, Mikael Blomquist, is a little too obviously based on Larsson himself, as a leftist investigative journalist, and women in the book can't seem to stop throwing themself at him. A little too Woody Allenish for my tastes. But overall, a great read.

  • Colm Toibin: Brooklyn: A Novel

    Colm Toibin: Brooklyn: A Novel
    I think I have now read everything that Colm Toibin has written. This, his latest, is a very quiet and even slow account of a young woman's emigration to the U.S. from the west of Ireland in the 1950's, wonderfully evocative of Brooklyn in that time. He achingly captures the loss and longing of being far from home, in a time when being on the other side of the ocean meant you had to miss the funeral of a close family member. Very perceptive, as in his recent collection of short stories, about mothers, only this time with their daughters as well as their sons.

  • Sebastian Barry: The Secret Scripture: A Novel

    Sebastian Barry: The Secret Scripture: A Novel
    Many thanks to my friends Jack and Holly for sending a copy of this, once they had heard my story at dinner about my grandmother and my father's visits to her. I now see why they were so determined I read it. And I want to read much more of Sebastian Barry, an Irish writer and playwright who was new to me.

  • Siobhan Dowd: Solace of the Road

    Siobhan Dowd: Solace of the Road
    The last book, I believe, in a remarkable run of several that my late friend Siobhan Dowd wrote before her early death from cancer a few years ago. Like the others, a "young adult" novel so beautifully written and wise it is compelling and accessible to anyone.

  • Barack Obama: Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance [ABRIDGED] [AUDIOBOOK]

    Barack Obama: Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance [ABRIDGED] [AUDIOBOOK]
    I realized just before the election that I might be the last person in America to have read Obama's first book, but decided for some reason to download the audiobook version, which he reads himself. The book lives up to everything I've heard about it -- what a Presidential memoir to look forward to! -- but a cool surprise is that Obama the reader turns out to be a terrific mimic, doing all the voices, of Kenyan relatives, Chicago street activists, etc. himself.

  • Tony Earley: The Blue Star: A Novel

    Tony Earley: The Blue Star: A Novel
    Sequel to the wonderful novel Jim the Boy. The first one, about a ten-year old in rural North Carolina in the 1930s, looked and at times read like a book for young readers, though it was beautiful and profound. This one, too. Now Jim is about to graduate high school, fall in love, and deal with a war raging in Europe and Asia.

  • Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela: A Human Being Died That Night: A South African Woman Confronts the Legacy of Apartheid

    Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela: A Human Being Died That Night: A South African Woman Confronts the Legacy of Apartheid
    A member of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission undertakes a series of visits to prison to talk with the most notorious killer of the apartheid regime, to ask herself, and us: what might I have in common with someone who has come to personify evil?

  • Honor Moore: The Bishop's Daughter: A Memoir

    Honor Moore: The Bishop's Daughter: A Memoir
    Honor Moore, the poet and playwright (who I know a bit from serving on the PEN Board together) writes about her late father, Paul Moore (who I knew from Human Rights Watch work together), the Bishop of New York. The book has garnered attention, and criticism from some of Honor's eight (!) siblings and others, for "outing" her father's bisexuality, but it is in no way sensationalistic. Part autobiography, part biography, I liked it very much, and since I met Paul Moore later in his career, my admiration for him grew through his daughter's reconstruction of his transformation from a patrician child of privilege bound for Wall Street to a progressive and outspoken pastor acting and speaking on behalf of the poor and disenfranchised. It is poignant that he lived at a time when he could not also give voice to the full rein of his personhood.

  • : State of Play (Miniseries)

    State of Play (Miniseries)
    Terrific BBC miniseries from 2003, a six-part political thriller with Bill Nighy, James McEvoy, Polly Walker and a great young Scottish actress (or at least she did a good Edinburgh accent) named Kelly MacDonald. I don't remember how I heard about it, but I couldn't stop watching it.

  • Jonny Steinberg: Sizwe's Test: A Young Man's Journey Through Africa's AIDS Epidemic

    Jonny Steinberg: Sizwe's Test: A Young Man's Journey Through Africa's AIDS Epidemic
    Jonny Steinberg is a South African writer who has in several books shown an amazing ability to burrow into communities not his own, gain their trust, and write about their lives and conflicts with great sensitivity. In this book -- which I read in its original South African version, Three Letter Plague, he tells the twin stories of a white AIDS clinic doctor from Doctors Without Borders and a young black entrepreneur who, for reasons of his own, declines to get tested for AIDS despite the availability of services. Steinberg is now in New York working on a book about Liberian immigrants in Staten Island.

  • Amy Bloom: Away: A Novel

    Amy Bloom: Away: A Novel
    I've always been a big fan of Amy Bloom's work, most of which is short stories about the emotional lives of educated urban and suburban types (she's a psychotherapist based in Middletown, Connecticut). This is a sprawling historical novel that ranges from Russia to Alaska (with Manhattan, Seattle and other places in between) in the early part of the 20th century, as the heroine searches for her daughter, who she hopes is the only other survivor of the pogrom that begins the book. Some find its plot over the top, but I loved it, and admired Bloom's ability to hold it all together on a canvas much vaster than her usual ones.

  • Wilfrid Sheed: The House That George Built: With a Little Help from Irving, Cole, and a Crew of About Fifty

    Wilfrid Sheed: The House That George Built: With a Little Help from Irving, Cole, and a Crew of About Fifty
    It took me a while to adjust to his style -- itself a kind of jazzy riff most of the time -- I really enjoyed Wilfred Sheed's sketches of the giants of American popular song, not just the Mount Rushmore figures of Irving Berlin, George Gershwin and Cole Porter, but Harold Arlen, Duke Ellington, Jerome Kern, Harry Warren, Jimmy Van Heusen, and Cy Coleman. It's delicious, it's delightful, it's de-lovely.

  • Alan Bennett: The Uncommon Reader: A Novella

    Alan Bennett: The Uncommon Reader: A Novella
    Lovely short novel based on the premise that the Queen of England -- never named, I think, but obviously Elizabeth -- happens upon a library van while walking her dogs and takes out a book. Then another, and another, until her late-life passion for reading upends her life and transforms her monarchy in funny and charming ways.

  • Dalia Sofer: The Septembers of Shiraz

    Dalia Sofer: The Septembers of Shiraz
    Really fine novel about a Jewish gem dealer and his family in the early days after the fall of the Shah and the rule of the mullahs in Iran. Though it is beautifully written and gripping, it seems to me more a book about families than politics, but the gem dealer's arrest and torture, and his family's eventual escape through being smuggled over the Turkish border,somehow put me in mind of the poisonous national mood in this country, today, over the treatment of prisoners and immigrants. How far we have fallen; I doubt I would have made those connections even ten years ago.

  • Alain De Botton: The Architecture of Happiness

    Alain De Botton: The Architecture of Happiness
    Nice companion to Winifred Gallagher's recent House Thinking, though on a grander scale both of habitation and geography. His anti-Corbusier comments rival Jane Jacobs': "A city laid out on apparently rational grounds, where different specialized facilities...are separated from one another across a vast terrain connected by motorways, deprives its inhabitants of the pleasures of incidental discoveries and presupposes that we march from place to place with a sense of unflagging purpose. But whereas we may leave the house with the ostensible object of consulting a book in a library, we may nevertheless be delighted on the way by the signt of the fishmonger laying out his startled, bug-eyed catch on sheets of ice, by workmen housing patterned sofas into apartment blocks, by leaves opening up their tender green palms to the spring sunshne, or by a girl with chestnut hair and glasses reading a book at the bus stop."

  • Alexander Waugh: Fathers and Sons: The Autobiography of a Family

    Alexander Waugh: Fathers and Sons: The Autobiography of a Family
    Stories about one of the most prolific writing families ever, by a fifth-generation insider. In addition to the usual stories of boarding-school cruelties and youthful gay couplings, the Waughs seem to have specialized in alternately intense or neglectful parenting -- either rank favoritism (Evelyn Waugh, whose own father made no secret of his bizarrely romantic attachment to his older brother, Alec, carried on the tradition with one of his daughters, treating the rest of his children as inconvenient disruptions.) Yet they were all quite funny, which is supposed to be redeeming.

  • : Sweet Land - A Love Story

    Sweet Land - A Love Story
    Lovely 2005 film by Ali Selim about immigrant famers in Southern Minnesota. Beautiful big-sky setting, but of greatest interest, beyond the developing love story, is the prejudice which greeted German newcomers -- very similar to what is faced by Mexicans in America today.

  • Yankev Glatshteyn: Emil and Karl

    Yankev Glatshteyn: Emil and Karl
    Lovely translation -- done by a friend, Jeffrey Shandler -- from a Yiddish book by Yankev Glatshteyn about two boys whose families are torn apart by the Nazis in 1940 Vienna. Though written for young people, it is a gripping and affecting read for, as they say, readers of all ages.

  • : The House on 92nd Street (Fox Film Noir)

    The House on 92nd Street (Fox Film Noir)
    Saw a little blurb about this 1945 noir film in the Times when it was released on DVD a few months ago, and since I live on 92nd Street, I rented it our of neighborhood pride, though it turns out to be EAST 92nd Street. Bizarre docudrama which is almost pure FBI propaganda about catching Nazi spies in the Second World War. Many of the FBI people, including Hoover, play themselves, but are no less wooden than the actual actors like Lloyd Nolan. Not a bit of humor or irony in it.

  • Doris Kearns Goodwin: Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln

    Doris Kearns Goodwin: Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
    An extraordinary read -- how Lincoln triumphed over several much better-known and connected rivals to win the 1860 Republican Presidential nomination, then put them all in the cabinet, in time winning their deep respect, admiration and loyalty. And it might well be called "Management Secrets of Abraham Lincoln" and sold on the business shelf in airport bookstores. See my post of August 9.

  • Phil LaMarche: American Youth: A Novel

    Phil LaMarche: American Youth: A Novel
    Not a relative, though the 30-year old LaMarche, who grew up in New Hampshire and upstate New York, has the same name as my father, grandfather and actually, me (Gara being my middle name). I would have bought it just for the novelty value, but it's a gripping, spare story of an adolescent struggling with changes in himself and the world around him.

  • Elisabeth Sifton: The Serenity Prayer: Faith and Politics in Times of Peace and War

    Elisabeth Sifton: The Serenity Prayer: Faith and Politics in Times of Peace and War
    "God, give us the grace to accept with serenity the things that cannot be changed, courage to change the things that should be changed, and the wisdom to distinguish one from the other." This famous 20th century prayer, used among other places in A.A. meetings, was composed during the Second World War by the author's father, theologian Reinhold Niebuhr. One of the gems of this social history/memoir is the discovery, or reminding, that Morningside Heights in the 1940s was for men of the cloth like Virginia for statesmen (sorry, I'm using these non-gender neutral terms advisedly, given the times) in the late 18th century -- an amazing confluence of minds and consciences, including Niebuhr and others at Union Theological, Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel of Jewish Theological Seminary, Harry Emerson Fosdick of Riverside Church, and Father Barry Ford of Corpus Christi and Columbia, all just a few blocks apart.

  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War

    Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War
    Perhaps you thought the South lost the Civil War. Think again. Nick Lemann's heartbreaking, angering and illuminating account of Reconstruction tells the story of how terrorist violence against newly-freed Blacks and their Republican allies -- kept at a "respectable" distance from Democratic leaders and met with virtual impunity from the federal government -- undid the Civil War and sapped the empowering Constitutional amendments of any meaning for nearly one hundred years.

  • Barry Werth: 31 Days: The Crisis That Gave Us the Government We Have Today

    Barry Werth: 31 Days: The Crisis That Gave Us the Government We Have Today
    You wouldn't think that a day-by-day account of the first month of the Ford Adminstration would be gripping, but the account of the pardon politics that ended Ford's honeymooon actually is. Haig comes across as a snake, Rumsfeld an ambitious schemer, Cheney a sphinx, Nixon a head case, and Ford an essentially decent man. I was especially fascinated by Werth's account of the young Ford's shuttle diplomacy between his mother and his birth father, Leslie King, which he suggests provided a get-it-all-behind-you template for the Nixon pardon forty years later.


  • : The Merv Griffin Show - 40 of the Most Interesting People of Our Time

    The Merv Griffin Show - 40 of the Most Interesting People of Our Time
    I used to watch Merv Griffin in the late afternoons after school -- maybe he was syndicated in the late 1960's. You wouldn't think of him as a significant cultural figure -- though he has a real talent for making money, having invented Jeopardy and numerous other cash-producing shows -- but these exceprts from his interviews contain a lot of gold, with many articulate cultural icons. Orson Welles is shown in his last appearance anywhere, just a few hours before he died; Richard Burton is interviewed on a movie set in Pennsylvania, talking about the benefits of communism, while waiting for an angry Liz Taylor, who's heard he gave an expensive ring to a cocktail waitress, to show up in town.

  • : Julia Child - The French Chef

    Julia Child - The French Chef
    These are a real hoot, but you also learn a lot -- why string beans should be cooked in a giant pot of ragingly boiling water, then doused with cold water, for example. For those like me more familar with the Saturday Night Live parody than the real article, these original WGBH French chef shows from the early 1960's are a revelation and a treat.

  • Talent Given Us: The Talent Given Us

    Talent Given Us: The Talent Given Us
    I have a habit of making lists of books I want to read, CDs I want to own, and movies I want to see. The first two I keep track of on my Amazon.com wish list, which is why it's enormous; the movies I keep in a little notebook which over time I transfer, once they have left the theatre, to my Netflix queue. But by the time the movie arrives from Netflix I have often forgotten why I wanted to see it in the first place. So it was with The Talent Given Us, a low-budget indie film that -- I now have been able to reconstruct -- I became interested in after reading Manohla Dargis's Times review. When I popped it in the DVD player, I had no idea what to expect, and for most of it thought I was watching a reality-show type documentary, in which a late-middle-aged Upper West Side couple -- he a shambling, mumbly character, she sharp-tongued and mercurial -- decide to take a road trip, collecting two adult daughters along the way, to see their estranged son in California. Having watched it, I still don't know how much is reality and how much fiction -- the estranged son is the film's director -- but it was worth the trip. Try it.

  • Jeannette Walls: The Glass Castle : A Memoir

    Jeannette Walls: The Glass Castle : A Memoir
    I had never heard of Jeannette Walls -- a writer and journalist who is currently an MSNBC contributor -- until this memoir of her extremely unorthodox childhood was published last year to ecstatic reviews. They were deserved. Walls and her three siblings lived a bohemian, nomadic and occasionally Dickensian existence with her parents, Rex and Rose Mary Walls. When each in turn escaped to New York -- they had pretty good coping skills thanks to having parents who virtually washed their hands of their care and feeding -- the parents eventually followed, landing up homeless. Much of this book, which chronicles the most irresponsible parenting, or lack thereof, made me angry, but Walls, while fully acknowledging her parents' deep faults, is nevertheless able with distance and grace to appreciate the good things she absorbed from these much-too-free spirits.

  • Ki-Duk Kim: 3-Iron

    Ki-Duk Kim: 3-Iron
    A homeless man roams the streets of Seoul leaving menu cards on the doorknobs of homes and apartments (kind of a cross between the ubiquitous Chinese menus shoved under doors in New York apartments and hotel Do Not Disturb cards), and when he returns to find them still there, he breaks in and makes himself comfortable, fixing appliances, cooking meals and taking a bath. In one home he is surprised to find he is not alone -- a woman abused by her husband is present. They form a strange Bonnie-and-Clyde relationship when she begins to join him on his rounds, eventually the husband comes back into the picture and causes problems for both. When the movie was over, I realized that neither of the main characters had uttered a word.

  • : The Best of Youth

    The Best of Youth
    This 2004 Italian film is 400 minutes long, so it's a big commitment. Originally a miniseries on Italian TV, when it was released theatrically here, it was shown in two installments, and the recently-released DVD, which I got through Netflix, is on two discs. I became aware of it through its surprise appearance on a number of end-of-the-year Ten Best lists, though I had hardly met anyone who'd seen it. But now that I have, I can say it's really worth the time, and I wouldn't be surprised if, like me, you wished it to be longer. Follows a group of family and friends through about 35 years, from the 1966 Florence flood, through the Red Brigades, to the present day. A wonderful mix of politics and family, social ills and advances, personal demons and graces.

  • Paul Haven: Two Hot Dogs with Everything

    Paul Haven: Two Hot Dogs with Everything
    My former nursery school student's book -- see posting at left. For 8-12 year olds and baseball fans of all ages.

  • Taylor Branch: At Canaan's Edge : America in the King Years, 1965-68

    Taylor Branch: At Canaan's Edge : America in the King Years, 1965-68
    Still reading this gripping final volume of Taylor Branch's King biography. King remains complex and impressive; LBJ (more prominent in this one) taking great strides for civil rights (his 1965 voting rights speech to a joint session of Congress, one of the best by any President, can move you to tears) while sinking into the Vietnam mire; this book so far raises one urgent question for me: why is the name of J. Edgar Hoover, King's racist, lawless persecutor, still on a taxpayer-supported federal building?

  • Frederick Brosen: Still New York

    Frederick Brosen: Still New York
    With an introduction by Ric Burns. Beautiful, virtually photographic watercolors of New York buildings, some familiar landmarks, but my favorites are ordinary blocks in Chinatown or the meatpacking district. Originals are hanging in the Museum of the City of New York until February 26, if you can catch them.

  • Laura Pausini: Escucha

    Laura Pausini: Escucha
    Italian pop star singing in Spanish -- apparently there's an Italian version available too. Very appealing.

  • Charles Peters: Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World

    Charles Peters: Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World
    How Wendell Willkie, a businessman who'd never held political office, got to be FDR's opponent in the 1940 election, when the President sought a groundbreaking (and controversial) third term, and why it was important. (Because Willkie, alone among the leading Republican contenders, who also included Robert Taft, Thomas Dewey and Arthur Vandenberg, was a staunch internationalist, strengthening FDR's hand in the march toward involvement in World War II.) The 26-year-old Gerald Ford, accompanied by his girlfriend of the time, a New York model; the 15-year-old Gore Vidal, with his blind grandfather, Senator Gore; and the aged wido of President Benjamin Harrison? What do these three people have in common? They were all in the bleachers watching the action at the 1940 Republican Convention in Philadelphia.

  • Terry Gross: All I Did Was Ask : Conversations with Writers, Actors, Musicians, and Artists

    Terry Gross: All I Did Was Ask : Conversations with Writers, Actors, Musicians, and Artists
    People -- well, actually, two or three of my eleven regular readers -- have been asking me to post more book recommendations, so I am going to try, but the sad truth is I am reading less lately. Over the weekend in L.A., though, I stopped by a favorite bookstore, Book Soup on Sunset Boulevard -- which has a really good film/tv section, as you might expect -- and came across this collection of excerpts from Terry Gross Fresh Air interviews with artists of various kinds. People have been telling me about Terry Gross for years, but I have never actually listened to Fresh Air. I might start. The book, which has conversations with everyone from Albert Brooks to Mary Karr (who memorably describes men's view of foreplay as "erotic cheese and crackers") lends itself to intermittent reading -- a kind of snacking, to borrow Karr's metaphor.

  • : Alfred Hitchcock Presents - Season One

    Alfred Hitchcock Presents - Season One
    My brother gave me this for Christmas, kind of a nostalgia trip -- though the show is as old as I am, so we must have watch it in reruns years later. My favorite episode, "Breakdown," involves Joseph Cotten as a hard-edged businessman paralyzed in a car accident and presumed dead who desperately tries to communicate to his rescuers, then to the coroner, that he is alive through the one muscle he controls -- one of his pinkies. The best treats of this series, though, are Hitchcock's droll introductions, one of the reasons he is to this day one of the few film directors with any kind of real public recognition.

  • : Mr. Magoo's Christmas Carol

    Mr. Magoo's Christmas Carol
    The Times this Christmas morning has a piece by Dan Barry celebrating the ersatz holiday pleasures of his childhood, like spray-on snow. I have been unable to convert my children to the joys of this 1962 TV classic, which I was happy to rediscover on DVD a few years ago -- my favorite among the many renderings of "A Christmas Carol," for which I am one of the all-time suckers. If you check it out, you will find it has a fabulous Jule Styne score.

  • Peter Pouncey: Rules for Old Men Waiting : A Novel

    Peter Pouncey: Rules for Old Men Waiting : A Novel
    Beautifully written novel, his first, by the former President of Amherst, Peter Pouncey, Dean of Columbia College when I arrived there in 1972, not that he knows me from Adam. Hope for us all.

  • : The Dick Cavett Show - Rock Icons

    The Dick Cavett Show - Rock Icons
    When I was in high school, I watched the Dick Cavett show every night, and tried, somewhat too obviously and much less successfully, to emulate his urbanity, wit and style. I've lost track of him in recent years, but was excited to see this DVD set, which packages a number of shows in which rock stars like Janis Joplin, David Bowie and Paul Simon appeared. But the great thing about it is that, unlike the Johnny Carson "highlights" DVDs, this set gives you each show in its entirety. Cavett had an eclectic range of guests, and they all stayed the whole show for an ever-growing group conversation. So you have Sly Stone, Debbie Reynolds, Pancho Gonzales and Senator and Mrs. Fred ?Harris discussing structural racism, and Janis Joplin, Raquel Welch, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Chet Huntley arguing over journalistic standards. A wonderful time capsule, and a sad reminder of how dumbed-down most talk shows are these days.

  • The Bodleian Library: Instructions for American Servicemen in Britain, 1942 : Reproduced from the original typescript, War Department, Washington, DC

    The Bodleian Library: Instructions for American Servicemen in Britain, 1942 : Reproduced from the original typescript, War Department, Washington, DC
    I picked up this little book while browsing in Oxford. It's all over the U.K., but I haven't seen it here. This gem is a reproduction of the U.S. Army's manual advising soldiers stationed in Britain during the Second World War on the ways of their native hosts. It's respectful, informative, affectionate, admiring, sometimes funny, and still pretty much on target.

  • Anna Nalick: Wreck of the Day

    Anna Nalick: Wreck of the Day
    Another 20-year old wonder, more in the Lilith Fair genre. The lead song on this debut album, "Breathe (2 a.m.)", will stay with you. Thinking of others I've put on this list in the last year or so -- Nellie McKay, Joss Stone, Jamie Cullum, etc., all college-age -- I wonder if there is any other field in the arts (not to mention elsewhere) where someone so young can make such an impact?

  • Ry Cooder: Chavez Ravine

    Ry Cooder: Chavez Ravine
    Latest album from Ry Cooder is the story, in songs, of what happened to Chavez Ravine, a low-income Los Angeles neighborhood razed in the 1950's to make way for Dodger Stadium. My now 90-year old friend Frank Wilkinson is featured on the CD, both in his spoken words and in a song about him, "Don't Call Me Red." For his advocacy on behalf of public housing and the poor as a city official in L.A. in those McCarthyite days, Frank was hauled before state and Congressional anti-Communist investigating committees, lost his job, and eventually spent a year in federal prison for his unsuccessful effort to invoke not the Fifth, but the First Amendment before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Frank's spent his whole life since as a crusader against government surveillance, and only in the last year or two have mobility issues stopped him from barnstorming the country half the year. Among the many recent acknowledgments of Frank's life, this is a particularly nice one.